Cardiology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the heart be it human or animal. The field includes medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology. Physicians who specialize in this field of medicine are called cardiologists, a specialty of internal medicine. Pediatric cardiologists are pediatricians who specialize in cardiology. Physicians who specialize in cardiac surgery are called cardiothoracic surgeons or cardiac surgeons, a specialty of general surgery.

Disorders of the heart

  1. Acute coronary syndrome
  2. Angina pectoris
  3. Atherosclerosis
  4. Coronary heart disease
  5. Myocardial infarction
  6. Cardiac arrest
  7. Ischemic cardiomyopathy 
  8. Heart failure
  9. Heart failure
  10. Ventricular hypertrophy
  11. Left ventricular hypertrophy
  12. Right ventricular hypertrophy
  13. Primary tumours of the heart
  14. Aortic regurgitation
  15. Aortic stenosis
  16. Aortic valve replacement
  17. Aortic valve repair
  18. Aortic valvuloplasty
  19. Mitral valve prolapse
  20. Mitral stenosis
  21. Mitral valve replacement
  22. Mitral valve repair
  23. Mitral valvuloplasty
  24. Congenital heart defect

Procedures to counter coronary artery disease

  1. Coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG)
  2. Enhanced external counter pulsation (EECP)
  3. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)
  4. Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA)
  5. Atherectomy
  6. Stenting