General Medicine

Internal medicine or general medicine is the medical specialty dealing with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of adult diseases. Physicians specializing in internal medicine are called internists, or physicians in Commonwealth nations. Internists are skilled in the management of patients who have undifferentiated or multi-system disease processes. Internists care for hospitalized and ambulatory patients and may play a major role in teaching and research.

Because internal medicine patients are often seriously ill or require complex investigations, internists do much of their work in hospitals. Internists often have subspecialty interests in diseases affecting particular organs or organ systems.


Branches are

  1. Internal Medicine
  2. Adolescent medicine
  3. Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and management of allergies, asthma and disorders of the immunology system.[14]
  4. Cardiology, dealing with disorders of the heart and blood vessels*
  5. Clinical cardiac electrophysiology
  6. Critical care medicine
  7. Endocrinology, dealing with disorders of the endocrine system and its specific secretions called hormones
  8. Gastroenterology, concerned with the field of digestive diseases
  9. Geriatric medicine
  10. Hematology, concerned with blood, the blood-forming organs and its disorders.
  11. Hospital medicine
  12. Infectious disease, concerned with disease caused by a biological agent such as by a virus, bacterium or parasite
  13. Interventional cardiology
  14. Medical oncology, dealing with the chemotherapeutic (chemical) treatment of cancer
  15. Nephrology, dealing with the study of the function and diseases of the kidney
  16. Pulmonology, dealing with diseases of the lungs and the respiratory tract
  17. Rheumatology, devoted to the diagnosis and therapy of rheumatic diseases.
  18. Sleep medicine
  19. Sports medicine
  20. Transplant hepatology