Neurology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system. Neurology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of conditions and disease involving the central and peripheral nervous system (and its subdivisions, the autonomic nervous system and the somatic nervous system); including their coverings, blood vessels, and all effector tissue, such as muscle.Neurological practice relies heavily on the field of neuroscience, which is the scientific study of the nervous system.

A neurological disorder is any disorder of the body nervous system. Structural, biochemical or electrical abnormalities in the brain, spinal cord or other nerves can result in a range of symptoms. Examples of symptoms include paralysis, muscle weakness, poor coordination, loss of sensation, seizures, confusion, pain and altered levels of consciousness. There are many recognized neurological disorders, some relatively common, but many rare. They may be assessed by neurological examination, and studied and treated within the specialities of neurology and clinical neuropsychology.

Neurological disorder

  1. Brain Damage
  2. Delirium and dementia such as Alzheimer's disease
  3. Dizziness and vertigo
  4. Stupor and coma
  5. Head injury
  6. Stroke (CVA, cerebrovascular attack)
  7. Tumors of the nervous system (e.g. cancer)
  8. Multiple sclerosis and other demyelinating diseases
  9. Infections of the brain or spinal cord (including meningitis)
  10. Prion diseases (a type of infectious agent)
  11. Complex regional pain syndrome (a chronic pain condition)
  12. Aphasia (language)
  13. Dysgraphia (writing)
  14. Dysarthria (speech)
  15. Apraxia (patterns or sequences of movements)
  16. Agnosia (identifying things or people)
  17. Amnesia (memory)
  18. Spinal cord disorders (see spinal pathology, injury, inflammation)
  19. Peripheral neuropathy and other Peripheral nervous system disorders
  20. Cranial nerve disorder such as Trigeminal neuralgia
  21. Autonomic nervous system disorders such as dysautonomia, Multiple System Atrophy
  22. Seizure disorders such as epilepsy
  23. Movement disorders  
  24. tremors
  25. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis