obstetrics and gynaecology

Obstetrics and gynecology is the medical specialty that deals with obstetrics and gynaecology. The postgraduate training programme for both aspects is unified. This combined training prepares the practicing OB/GYN to be adept at the care of female reproductive organs' health and at the management of obstetric complications, including through surgery.


Maternal-fetal medicine – an obstetrical subspecialty, sometimes referred to as perinatology, that focuses on the medical and surgical management of high-risk pregnancies and surgery on the fetus with the goal of reducing morbidity and mortality.

Reproductive endocrinology and infertility – a subspecialty that focuses on the biological causes and interventional treatment of infertility

Gynaecological oncology – a gynaecologic subspecialty focusing on the medical and surgical treatment of women with cancers of the reproductive organs

Female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery – a gynaecologic subspecialty focusing on the diagnosis and surgical treatment of women with urinary incontinence and prolapse of the pelvic organs. Sometimes referred to by laypersons as "female urology"

Advanced laparoscopic surgery

Family planning – a gynaecologic subspecialty offering training in contraception and pregnancy termination (abortion)

Paediatric and adolescent gynaecology

Menopausal and geriatric gynaecology